Hidden East Anglia:
The STONE INDEX
Below is listed alphabetically, by town or parish, every odd stone and glacial erratic that I know about in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.
((The section for Essex only includes those already featured on this site as having a legend, or being in a 'significant' location. The county is otherwise excluded because there are hundreds if not thousands of glacial erratics littering the region. Better - and more local - people than me have been trying to catalogue them for over a century.))
Many are linked back to their entry in 'Significant Stones' or to their entry in the gazetteer of legends. At the end is a list of sources where I first found some of the others referenced or pictured, while others have been noted by myself on various field trips.
I have no doubt that some of the smaller stones (e.g. at Salthouse, Bildeston and Framlingham) have no importance whatsoever, and have just been placed to protect the corners of houses etc - but I have included them anyway for the sake of completeness. I'm sure there are hundreds more all over the region.
Some are said to be part of the supposed 'Puddingstone Track', discovered and elaborated upon by the late Dr. Ernest Rudge during the 1940s and 50s. This is supposed to be the remnant of a route used by flint traders in the Neolithic period, stretching all the way from Stonehenge to the north Norfolk coast. Every marker stone on the route is supposed to be a type of 'puddingstone' or 'conglomerate' rock, but I know from experience that some are not. Like many others, I'm far from convinced that the 'Track' really exists, but more recent information about it can be found here: The Megalithic Portal
previously recorded here that Professor P. F. Kendall
had noticed a large boulder of Norwegian Laurvikite in this village,1
but it turns out that this was actually on the beach.67 So,
it's definitely not the same rock as the "large mass" of basalt noted in
1882 opposite the entrance to Bromholm Priory.62
TG347334: On Google Street View I've seen five largish boulders against the front of a house in Walcott Road near the junction with Abbey Street, and at TG349333 a smallish rounded rock by a gatepost in Priory Road. None of these are embedded, and all look like recent decoration.
|Barnham Broom||TG074053: The Skipping Block, stone once at crossroads on parish boundary, used as mounting block.|
|Beechamwell||TF767095: The Cowell Stone, on parish boundary near junction of Roman road & Icknield Way. Supposed to be part of the 'Puddingstone Track', but actually sandstone, not a conglomerate rock.|
grave in churchyard, once one of a pair (other possibly still at TG167428) in
priory grounds, with attached ghost story.
TG174431: Boulder half-buried in bank outside wall at south corner of churchyard; another against north wall within churchyard, though probably not on original site.
|Beighton||'Lantern slide' in Norfolk Record Office said to show 'standing stone' here.2 I've now found this stone, a squareish block of sandstone on the verge outside No.1 Stone Corner, in Sandy Lane, at TG384081. It looks to be about 100 x 80 x 80cm high.|
A granitic rock, about 2' 6" (76cm) long, was recorded long ago at Bessingham Church.62
|Bixley||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s.39|
|Bramerton||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s.39|
|Burgh St. Peter||Large limestone boulder under
lime tree in front of Burgh Hall, probably brought from local field.3
TM486930: Two lumps of limestone are embedded in the verge outside Beech Farm Barn, as seen here on Street View.
|Carlton||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s39 - but I'm unsure which Carlton is meant, as there are several parishes of that name.|
|Cawston||Glacial bluestones near church & Church Farm.|
|Cockley Cley||Milestone on the Gooderstone road once said to turn round when the church bells chime.|
|Coltishall||TG271197: glacial erratic in churchyard, once thought to be cross-base.|
|Congham||c.TF698249: The Trunch Stone, parish boundary marker. Not known to be extant, but glacial erratic found nearby.|
TL782949: Layer of non-pebbly dark brown
partially around the church tower. Said to be a site
on the so-called 'Puddingstone Track'.4
TL783947: At the easternmost end of a track just south of Cranwich church, the word 'Stone' was marked on OS maps until at least 1905. This was just where the track used to bend and head across the fields, but it wasn't on a parish boundary. The 'grey erratic' that I thought I'd discovered at this spot on Street View has turned out to be no more than a tree stump, unfortunately.
|Croxton||c.TL860880: Large boulder marking parish boundary, on Icknield Way in Croxton Park.|
|Denton||A significant stone was said to have stood by the roadside in this parish, not far from the turning to Homersfield.44|
|Dilham||I had a note (but nothing more) of a stone seen by me at Dilham in the 1970's. It turns out that this was, and still is, beside the gate of Honeysuckle Cottage in The Street, at TG331253. It's a conglomerate rock, 51 x 40 x 35cm high.|
|Diss||c.TM115797: A square, squat erratic block can now be found in Diss Park, beside the Mere. Previously it had stood at the corner of S. A. Young's bakery in Victoria Road for many years, and before that it was said to have served as a mounting block somewhere in the town centre.90|
|Drymere||TF782064: Large boulder moved to roadside from forest, said to have fallen as a meteor.|
|Dunton||The Longfield Stone, once on Gallow Hill, site of the Hundred Court in the 16th century.|
|East Lexham||TF858172: Stone by farm gate near church, allegedly once made into base of a wayside cross.5 The stone is still there, but seems too small and too conical to have ever been a cross-base. HERE on Street View.|
|Felbrigg||White quartzite boulder 4 feet (1.2m) long was noted in 1882 in Sexton's Wood in Felbrigg Park, "in the path close to the high road".62|
|Flegg area||A dole (boundary) stone once said to be here, that goes to drink from a brook at midnight.|
|Foulsham||Stone at bottom of ditch marking where boundaries of Foulsham, Twyford & Guist meet.|
In the 1940's Dr.
Rudge of 'Puddingstone Track' fame reported a "white silicious
conglomerate' rock in the lane behind the Mill Stores.6 The map reference
he gave actually leads one to the lane next to Mill
House (now a care home) in Litcham Road, where there are in fact 3 small stones
at the corner, none of which are
conglomerate. This misled me for years until June 2016, when I revisited
Gayton and found the exact spot in Grimston Road, at the rear of the
former Mill End Stores (TF731193). The stone is no longer there.
However, there is what appears to be a smallish flinty conglomerate loose on the surface left of the entrance to the old mill. Unless it's a fragment of the original, this doesn't seem likely to be Rudge's 'puddingstone'.
There are apparently other puddingstones in the grounds of Gayton Hall.40
|Geldeston||TM397921: The Geld Stone, originally at a threeways (TM399919), said to be where the 10th century Danegeld was paid.|
c.TM525033: Site of supposed
Druidical stone circle (the 'Gull Stones') 3m high, removed in 1768 to
build harbour pier.
TM524044: Two smallish stones in Church Lane, & 1 'standing stone' now vanished, near churchyard wall.
|Great Hockham||Huge boulder moved to village green in 1880, now turned by villagers on special occasions.|
|Grimes Graves (Weeting)||TL817896: A large rock of the supposed 'Puddingstone Track' in a clay pit.7 There are actually two, one of carstone and the other of Lincolnshire flint.8 In May 2016 I spent over an hour searching this pit, and could find only the carstone, which is of the non-pebbly variety, with the exposed portion measuring 75 x 45 x 15 cm high.|
|Grimston||TF720224: Another 'puddingstone' was noted here by Dr. Rudge,9 and this is actually a small lump of carstone (52 x 30 x 21cm high) at the foot of the wall of No.1 Massingham Road. Rudge's own map references were way off, but I was able to track it down from his typewritten notes. It's obviously not in any 'original' position, as it's sat on a slightly-raised concrete step in a blocked-up doorway. It looks rather similar to a stone that was once only a few metres away, outside the Old Bell Inn, in a 1910 photograph available here. The Old Bell is now a private house, and many small lumps of dark brown carstone are used as decoration around the verges and in the flower beds.|
|Happisburgh||A large boulder of carboniferous limestone recorded here.62|
|Hardley||TG376003: Stone used as cross-base or boundary marker here at crossroads, haunted by a woman in red.|
TM246834: Herolf's Stone
alley, said to have given the town its name, with several associated
I have pictures of two smallish triangular stones here at the corners of buildings, but locations unknown.
puddingstone (actually conglomerate) at church, under buttress of south
TF679372: At this grid reference, Dr. Rudge recorded another puddingstone, behind the schoolhouse, which would be Heacham Infant & Nursery School.9 However, the stone was reported to him by C. H. Lewton Brain, and I suspect Rudge never actually saw it, because the author Shirley Toulson found such a puddingstone behind the former schoolhouse, now a private house, at TF679379.70
|Hempnall||TM255902: Site of Baron's Duel Stone where 3 parishes & 3 Hundreds meet, thought to be a pre-Saxon marker.|
|Hemsby||TG494174: Boulder 71cm x 50cm x 40cm high partly buried in grassy bank just behind churchyard gate.|
|Hindolveston:||TG020305: Two large erratic boulders beside the B1110 road, at the Dereham Gate entrance to the Melton Hall estate. A picture can be seen HERE. The one to the left of the gateway wasn't there on Street View in July 2011.|
|Hingham||Against the wall of the post office is a stone from Hingham in Massachusetts, given to the village in 1913. This was in exchange for a glacial erratic given to the US two years earlier, which had been in that same position for possibly centuries, and used as a mounting block.91|
|Hoe||TF978168: Sandstone boulder said to mark centre of Norfolk, probably placed there by local antiquarian.|
|Holme-next-the-Sea||TF707435: Glacial erratic boulder uncovered in foundations of church, now kept in churchyard.|
|Honing||TG325278: Boulder 60cm x 45cm x 60cm high embedded next to wall at a threeways.|
|Houghton||It was reported in recent times that a large glacial erratic was removed from the site of burial mounds on the Houghton Hall estate.41 Exactly where I'm not sure, but there are mounds just east of the hall itself that could be either barrows, or spoil heaps from landscaping.|
TG391261: 1 large & 2 smallish boulders against frontage of cottage, shop, & Swan pub at staggered crossroads near church:
Sandstone boulder outside cottage, 1.2m x 51cm x 35cm high.
Sandstone boulder outside shop, 58 x 43 x 32cm high.
Boulder, possibly also sandstone, outside pub, 66 x 28 x 45cm high.
TG393273: Pointed sandstone erratic about 50cm high at corner of house, at crossroads of Ingham Lane, Long Lane, Water Lane and an unnamed track heading west.
TG388260: Smallish stone 365m from crossroads, embedded by gate of cottage on the east side of Town Road towards Stalham. Still there, but now hidden by long grass.
|Ingoldisthorpe||TF691328: Rudge said that there are puddingstones under walls & buttresses of the church tower, & another half-buried in turf at west end of church.4 I visited here in June 2016, and saw small non-pebbly carstone blocks mostly on the north side, but they're not puddingstone. The half-buried stone is now mostly exposed, about 5m from the west wall. Again, this is plain carstone, 70 x 50 x 30cm high.|
|Itteringham||TG145322: Boulders in Sanctuary at Mannington Hall described as 'Druid Stones'.|
|Kelling||TG094429: 1.2m x 60cm x 30cm high rectangular boulder set into bank outside house near threeways. In the 1970's, it looked recently uncovered, but it's now gone.|
|Kirby Bedon||TG279053: Crag of stone with tapering jagged sections 1m x 1m at base x 1.1m high against corner of house where Kirby Road meets The Street.|
|Langley||TG356022: Two large glacial erratic boulders reported here, partially embedded, among a stand of oak trees, beside a track called Stone Lane.82|
|Ludham||TG388183: Boulder here outside the Alfresco Tea Room at a staggered crossroads, moved during road works from original site opposite, nearer churchyard gates.38 76cm x 60cm x 46cm high. Once used as a mounting block outside the nearby smithy.|
|Lyng||TG079170: The Great Stone of Lyng, beside hollow-way in King's Grove, with treasure, battle & other associated legends.|
|Marsham||Three boulders of "veined grit" were once to be seen by the road north of the church, one of them measuring 4' x 3' x 2' (1.2m x 91cm x 61cm).63|
|Martham||TG454183: Sarsen 'markstone' on track near churchyard.|
|Merton||TL895991: The Merton Stone, a huge boulder in a pit beside Peddar's Way. If moved, the waters will rise & cover the earth.|
|Methwold||Ancient stone once here at crossways on Cross Hill, allegedly converted into base of wayside cross.|
|Narborough||Dr. Rudge mentioned a conglomerate boulder somewhere near Narborough Mill, but gave no further details.76|
|Necton||I have a note of a glacial erratic stone here.|
|Newton-by-Castle Acre||TM831155: Large glacial boulder found built into foundations of church.|
|Oxborough||Stone said to run across road when it hears Caldecote church bells strike midnight.|
|Ringstead||TF707403: The author Shirley Toulson noted a puddingstone on the forecourt of the Gin Trap pub, but there's nothing visible now.69|
|Rougham||TF831206: Large "roughly-hewn" stone now near church but once on village green,5 now seems to be broken into several pieces on verge near churchyard gate.|
|Rushford||Dr. Rudge claimed to have found a conglomerate here somewhere, that he once thought had been part of his Track.75|
|Salhouse||TG288157: There is said to be a glacial boulder "near Bear's Grove, on north side of Norwich to Wroxham road".10|
|Salthouse||3 smallish stones along track to church: 1 at house gate, 1 near farmyard entrance, 1 by house wall.|
erratic next to the Lady Well west of the church.
TF723368: There are two sandstone erratic boulders, one on either side of the gate to High House. The one to the left measures 50 x 53 x 35cm high, and the one to the right is 75 x 52 x 50cm high. While I was photographing these, I found a third stone about 7m along from the gate. This is almost buried, the little I could see measuring 55 x 55 x 28cm high. Perhaps coincidentally, they are very close to the turning to Magazine Cottage, which is directly on the line of the Peddar's Way Roman road.
outside barn said to run across road when they hear the cock crow.
Heap of stones said to cover drowned sailors, said to be haunted.
|Shouldham Thorpe||TF655090: The Fodderstone, a boulder of Kimeridge Clay, described as being near the crossroads, by the village inn.10 There's nothing visible on Street View, though. If there is such a rock nearby, it's probably a fragment of the huge boulder being worked in the 1880s in the local brickyard.60|
TF691343: Alleged 'Puddingstone Track' stone in foundations of old chancel
next to church.11 I searched in June 2016, but couldn't find
TF684342: Rudge said that there was another stone belonging to his Track in the wall of a house in this village.11 This I have now tracked down to a small, much-eroded lump of rock at the corner of No. 25 Lynn Road. In reality, it's nothing more than a 10cm high stub of old, poorly-made concrete, with hardly any aggregate in it. There's another of similar size near the corner of Stockley's pharmacy.
|South Creake||TF854360: Bluestone Farm named after glacial boulder now in garden.|
|Southery||c.TL617945: The Magic Stone, said to be now at Stocks Corner. Magical properties, said to have fallen from the sky.|
|South Lopham||TM052809: The Ox-Foot Stone, originally in meadow, now in garden of farm house. Hoofmark of magical cow on its surface.|
|South Runcton||A 1.4m long boulder of 'shelly limestone' was seen long ago on a track about 500m east-south-east of the ruins of the village church.65|
|Stalham||TG378261: Possible boundary stone hit by plough where three parishes meet.|
|Stockton||TM387947: The Stockton Stone, glacial erratic beside A146, supposedly cursed. Possible boundary mark, recorded in 17th century.|
|Surlingham||Large boulder seen by me set in ground beside track, but I don't have a location. May be the same stone as noted here in the 1930s.39|
|Swaffham||TF818090: Boulder set in pavement in Lynn Street, possibly moved from crossroads.|
boulders 1m high once in Minstergate just north of Town Bridge, All but
one are now gone due to
once lined one side of St. Nicholas Street. Said to be part of the
'Puddingstone Track'.12 Beneath the street name plate, where Minstergate
curves to join St. Nicholas Street, the last and smallest of the four
'puddingstones' is embedded into the pavement. It measures 85 x 40 x
30cm high, and is actually non-pebbly sandstone or siltstone, not
TL868830: Two possible puddingstones which I saw in the 1980s I erroneously recorded as being in Minstergate, but I now find they were actually either side of the gateway to Bridge House, a little further south.
The one on the left side is definitely a conglomerate, measuring 85 x 65 x 25cm high.
c.TL868829: Two more puddingstones were once recorded by Dr. Rudge near the old Maltings on the opposite side of the river (again now lost due to redevelopment), just east of Town Bridge.12 The lane in which they stood still exists, but the exact site of the stones is now covered by one corner of the Heath Court social housing block.
While looking around the area, I found a small sandstone erratic embedded against the wall of this very lane, 50 x 25 x 37cm high.
A picture from 1912 shows two more boulders, type unknown, close to the old Maltings site. They are shown against a fence around the north side of Peacock's Commercial Hotel, which became part of the now-demolished Anchor Hotel. In 1984, a local writer said that "until recently there were a great number of these stones in the vicinity, but very few remain today".97 Further down the road there appears to have been one (or possibly two) smaller boulders at the corner of a house which is now Wong's Taste of China.74
TL868830: Beside the haling path a few metres south-west of Town Bridge are three large sandstone boulders, each between 65cm and 80cm long. The number of rocks now or once in this area around the bridge makes me wonder if all of them, including Rudge's puddingstones, weren't in fact dredged up from the riverbed here.
TL873825: Shirley Toulson went looking for Rudge's puddingstones that I've noted above - but she went to the wrong river crossing. She claimed to have seen another puddingstone at the second of the three Nun's Bridges, visible from the north-eastern bank.71
c.TL864830: Beside the Brandon Road going west out of Thetford used to stand Canons' Lodge Cottages. These were demolished in the mid-1960s, but an earlier photograph shows a medium-sized erratic boulder embedded against a gate-post outside the Cottages. The spot is now occupied by the western end of Cannon Garage's lot.99
|Threxton||Ancient stone, possibly Roman milestone on Peddar's Way, noted in the 18th century.|
|Tivetshall St. Mary||TM169839: glacial erratic on parish boundary, locally said to mark site of a Roman battle.|
|Wellingham||TF871222: Sandstone boulder outside porch at St. Andrew's church.96|
|West Winch||TF632158: Reader Helen Lindsell has noticed a very smooth glacial erratic at the north-east corner of St. Mary's church. About the size of the body of a sheep, it looks to me a water-worn boulder, perhaps deposited there fairly recently. Thanks to Helen for the information and the photo.|
|Winterton||TG494195: The Stone, in The Lane. When moved in 1931, said to have caused a poor fishing catch.|
|Woodton||A block of Hertfordshire puddingstone was noted here in the late 19th century.78|
|Worstead||TG314273: 2 stones 60cm x 45cm x 30cm high, 1 embedded, 1 loose, at Briggate at turning to Meeting Hill. By the look of things, most of this latter rock has now been broken up and scattered along the grass verge.|
|Alderton||A glacial erratic at TM342417, "marking an ancient bend in the road from Shottisham to Alderton".13 You can see it HERE on Street View.|
|Aldham||It's been reported that a "very large stone" can be seen across the valley from St. Mary's church at Aldham.98|
|Aldringham||TM445610: Glacial erratic with tradition of shepherd's death.|
|Bacton||TL035652 area: said to have once been a 2m x 2m x 1.2m boulder here on parish boundary at Boys Entry.|
|Badwell Ash||TL989689: At one time, Dr. Rudge thought his Puddingstone Track ran through Suffolk via Badwell Ash, Buxhall and Wattisham.75 Here was what he called a 'famous' stone, though I can find no reference to it anywhere else. At this map reference, however, there is a large rounded boulder at the corner of No. 59, The Street, visible on Street View here.|
|Barking||TM082519: 'Deadmans-stone' marker on manor boundary near Ditch Wood.|
Puddingstone once visible in yard of the former Grafton Arms (more
Holy Smoke Steakhouse, but now closed). Not there when I visited on July 31st 2015. Said to be a marker on the so-called
TL861768: Puddingstone at corner of barn at West Farm. Said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone Track'.14
|Barrow||c.TL760639: Stone once set in pavement said to mark where highwayman hanged, & turns over at midnight on New Year's Eve.|
|Barsham||TM394895: A Mr. Punchard of Barsham recalled to me that he had buried a large rock similar to the Barsham Trysting Stone (below) when he was a young man. This was at a crossing of rough tracks south of Barsham church, and was to fill a hole caused by water flooding down the paths and off the fields. This particular stone has since been recovered from its burial place and is now outside Barsham village hall. Standing upright against the front wall, it actually looks rather like Stockton Stone.|
Boulder embedded in steep bank in Puddingmoor, once theorised as
original sacred site of town.
TM422907: The Barsham Trysting Stone now in Northgate garden, once at crossways near Barsham Hall.
TM421907: The Brampton Stone now in Northgate garden, originally from Brampton village, plus another glacial erratic originally from Burgh St. Peter. Possibly also another known as the Redisham Stone.
There used to be two smallish stones at the bottom of Hungate Lane, but these are now gone.
Small square stone at corner of wall in Tannery Score, off Northgate.
TL993494: Stone behind former Old Bull Inn (now Tower House), moved from original site
in market square. Said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone
Track'.14 According to the current owner, the stone is no
Smallish black stone noted by me at corner of Bec Cottage in Chapel Street.
|Blaxhall||TM355568: The Blaxhall Stone, said to have been found as small rock in field, then dropped in yard of Stone Farm where it grew to present 5 ton size.|
Series of small stones in village, said by some (though not by Dr. Rudge) to be part of the so-called 'Puddingstone Track' - but all are sarsens, not puddingstone. There are 2 (including an impressive mammilated sarsen) at the corner of a house in Broad Street, 1 at the base of a wall next to the bridge over the Box river (moved from the other end of the bridge in 2009), 2 at the corner of Butchers Lane, 1 a little further along the same lane, 1 in the grassy bank at the corner of Church Street and Stone Street Road, and 4 more along Swan Street.15, 16 Some pictures can be seen here and here. There are 3 more sarsens a little further south in Stone Street, at approx. TL964396. Up to 2012, Roger Loose of Boxford has located around 130 sarsens, and possibly a couple of puddingstones, spread all over the parish, many of them turned up by ploughing, and most seeming to originate in the soils of the river Box and its tributaries. He has also noted others around Groton, the village immediately to the north.101
|Bradfield St. Clare||TL905570: Large boulder dug up in field near Sutton Hall Cottages, allegedly a puddingstone.58|
Glacial boulder built into pillar foundation within church. Two glacial
rocks in north wall, and two more can be found in the churchyard.
TM122464: Large boulder, supposedly giving its name to Gippingstone Road.
|Brampton||TM410830: Very large standing stone about 8' (2.4m) tall in rough field next to railway line just south of Brampton Station. Almost certainly erected in recent days, presumably by landowner.61|
|Brent Eleigh||TL941478: Group of 3 large glacial rocks embedded at 'ancient' crossroads.|
|Bungay||TM337898: Druid's Stone in churchyard. Also called Devil's Stone or Giant's Grave. Various legends attached.|
|Bures St. Mary||TL918345: Dr. Rudge records a puddingstone by the hedge at the ruins of St. Stephen's Chapel.17|
|Buxhall||TM002572: Another puddingstone was noted by Rudge at Buxhall, with his supposed Track once running via Valley Farm. At the entrance to the Farm can be seen two large rocks, although they look rather like modern placements, and don't look like any type of conglomerate: on Street View here.|
|Carlton Colville||c.TM524905: Large stone referred to as a 'waymark' buried at former crossroads, at ford on track to ancient settlement.|
|Chediston||TM366765: Cedd's Stone at Rockstone Lodge gave name to village. Once said to be 10m high, & turns round.|
Alleged puddingstone (actually sandstone) partly buried in foundations on north side of church tower.18
My photo dates from the 1970s, but I revisited in July 2017, and the
stone has now been removed. Only a cement slab remains to show where it
TL987471: Large boulder once by door of Chelsworth Common Farm. Both rocks said to be part of so-called 'Puddingstone Track'.18
|Cockfield||TL925560: Small glacial boulder formerly at threeways junction, very close to the Hundred-stone, the meeting-point of 3 ancient hundreds & 3 parishes.|
|Coddenham||TM137554: Huge boulders of saccharoidal sandstone reported in 1867 behind Choppins Hall, plus others beside the road to Crowfield.87|
semi-circle of large stones outside gateway & 2 more inside, at house
beside footpath between church & village.19
A quartzite glacial erratic boulder is shown in a photograph from 1960, on the south side of Belstead Brook, near Copdock Mill.64
|Corton||Two stones in ancient lane, possibly on a boundary, at Newton Cross hamlet now lost to coastal erosion.|
unhewn block' once on burial mound on Hill of Health.
1937 report said "two large sarsens".86
TL858747: Stone supposed to be on Culford Heath, said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone Trail'.14
|Debenham||c.TM158636: The Groaning Stone, in bed of stream, said to turn over & groan when it hears church clock strike midnight.|
TL758541: A glacial
erratic "much smaller" than the Hartest Stone outside the
former Plumbers Arms,
Wickham Street.20 This is a small, rounded
boulder, rescued from a nearby stream where it was once dumped.
TL755513: A large (probably erratic) stone stands on the edge of the former moat that surrounded Goymer's Farm, of which only one disused barn remains.89
|Drinkstone||TL960616: An erratic at the side of the road, near the church.10|
|Edwardstone||TL941422: An erratic north-east of the church, between Wardentree Farm & the Hall.10|
|Felsham||TL945570: Rudge noted another 'Puddingstone Track' markstone near entrance to drive of Felsham Manor,14 then years later said there were two, but had been placed there only for "decorative purposes".58 There are no stones there now.|
|Fornham St. Martin||TL864672: The Hiring Stone, near yard of Hall Farm, said to be where labourers hired & wages paid. Said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Track', but it's actually a sarsen.|
high x 30cm square grey stone with shaped top near steps in marketplace.
(In the centre,
HERE on Street View.)
TM283633: Years ago I photographed a pair of smallish stones embedded at the corner of a house where Brook Lane leads west off the B1116, but house and stones are all gone now.
|Gisleham||Back in 1974, I noted a large egg-shaped boulder resting by the side of a footpath in this parish, somewhere around TM526885. About 1.3m long x 1m across, I described it as grey in colour and pock-marked with fossil impressions. It's quite possible that it was excavated from the nearby brickworks quarry.|
|Great Livermere||TL882718: Alleged 'Puddingstone Track' boulder beneath tree to south of churchyard.9 M. R. James noted "a large unworked stone" here in 1930.|
TL959416: Large sarsen now used as a War Memorial stone, found during
ploughing about 500m away, in a field between Butchers Lane and the
TL960416: Large squared-off sarsen with a mammilated face set as a mounting block outside a house beside the path to St. Bartholomew's church.101
|Harleston||TM019609 area: 'Immovable' boulder said to be on Rush Green, where Protestant martyrs burnt.|
Hartest Stone, boulder on village green. Brought from local field in
1713, now said to turn over when it hears church clock strike midnight.
Just across the road from the Hartest Stone is a smaller, less rounded rock, standing near the entrance to Place Farm. This seems a much more recent placement.
|Haverhill||TL663464: A possible sarsen erratic has been reported at the Stour Brook, in several pieces both above and below the waterline. If it had ever been standing, it would apparently have been about 5 feet (1.52m) high.85|
|Henstead||TM487861: I was told long ago of a large stone on the edge of the churchyard, aligned on the axis of the church, but I was never able to find it.22 This would seem to be the same stone mentioned in a letter to a local magazine in 1962.43 However, I've now (April 2013) located it - but it's not a glacial erratic at all. It is in fact a large, overgrown mound of 20th century concrete! It's at the extreme western edge of the churchyard, very close to the road, and does indeed lie on the church axis. So, definitely nothing ancient or significant at all.|
|Hessett||Dr. Rudge mentioned Hessett church as being on his 'Puddingstone Track', but didn't actually describe any stone here.18 When I visited long ago, I found a rather odd 'heap' of stonework in the church porch, part of which I foolishly thought might be some kind of conglomerate. In fact, it's the very worn base of a late-medieval stoup, or holy water basin!|
|Hintlesham||A glacial erratic is at the corner of a farmyard here.23|
|Hitcham||I've been told
of a boulder at Plains Farm, at a crossing of tracks.24
TL990528: A later addition to the 'Puddingstone Track' said to have been found at Cross Green.25
|Holton St. Mary||TM059367: Glacial boulder built into church buttress.|
|Ilketshall St. Margaret||A large stone was reported as having once been extant somewhere along the narrow track called Shoe Devil Lane, north of the church.44|
TL857708: Puddingstone once beside path near Cadogan Arms boundary wall.14, 26
No trace of it when I visited on 31/7/15.
Another 'small boulder' beside a barn at Neville House Farm (TL855735),
and another at Bodney Farm (TL854721)57 All said to be part
of the 'Puddingstone Track'.
On August 9th 2016 I visited Bodney Farm (now mostly derelict) and found a small flint conglomerate boulder 35 x 33 x 20cm high behind a barn. It clearly wasn't in its original position, as it was being used along with other small rocks and ornaments to line the edge of a grassy verge. Like many of Rudge's 'Puddingstone Track' boulders, this would be ridiculously small to be a markstone.
TM163441: Erratic boulder
in footing or fabric of St. Peter's church.27
c.TM161437: A large sarsen block is said to be embedded in a wall of the 18th century vaults below the old stables of the former Stoke Hall.88
TM164447: Large black upright stone against wall of dental surgery, opposite McGinty's, at the very narrow end of Tower Ramparts, close to the junction with Northgate Street. On Street View HERE.80
conglomerate stone set in pavement on north side of main street.7
A broken edge shows that this is definitely puddingstone, measuring 102
x 72 x 20cm high at the back.
TM000441: Small rounded stone near watersplash. Both stones here said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Track',7 although this one is definitely sandstone, that sparkles in sunlight because of tiny quartz flecks in its surface. It measures 40 x 30 x 25cm high.
|Layham||Glacial erratic at corner of barn at Netherbury Hall;28 another erratic in the farmyard at the Hall, from the same source.|
|Leavenheath||TL968379: Dr. Rudge records a puddingstone removed about 1940 from a turning point of the Leavenheath/Boxford parish boundary.17|
|Letheringham||TM288564: Boulder once at foot of Potsford Gibbet, said to scream when kicked by someone's heel.|
|Lidgate||Glacial erratic similar to, but smaller than, the Hartest Stone reported to be at Lidgate Castle.73|
|Linstead Parva||Large boulder on edge of cottage yard near school.29|
Witches Stones, the remains of a 16th century beacon, said to run to the
sea at midnight unless bathed in fire.
TM551938: Smallish stone at corner of Crown Street.
TM549938: Two small rocks at either end of wall (now a garden fence) at junction of Church Road & Wesley Street.
Small black-painted stone once close to wall in Clapham Road (road mostly now gone).
|Mendlesham||TM103658: The Preaching Stone, in Old Market Street. Said to be where preaching occurred in 15th & 18th centuries.|
|Metfield||Puddingstone boulder in churchyard.|
|Mettingham||There is supposed to be an erratic boulder in the footing or fabric of the church,27 but I can only find small pieces in the walls. Soil and vegetation are mounded against the footings, so it could still be there, but hidden.|
|Middleton||c.TM409669: Huge boulder at Home Farm said to have treasure beneath it, & the Devil can be heard if one's ears are placed against it.|
|Monk Soham||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of church.27|
churchyard "almost identical" to that in Croxton churchyard, 53cm square
x 35cm deep, with a 17cm wide x 8cm deep square hole in top.
Brought there years before from Mutford Hall.37 Possibly once
A very curious collection of sandstone rocks was discovered in the south-west part of Mutford Big Wood in March 1870, not far from the road to Carlton Colville. After being partially uncovered by a gamekeeper they were fully excavated, and appeared to be arranged in a semi-circular shape, reminiscent of a 'Druidical' stone ring on a small scale. These "strangely-shaped and strangely-standing stones" were columnar in appearance, embedded vertically in the earth, with some seeming almost man-made. However, a visiting professor pronounced them to be a natural, albeit very peculiar, formation.84
TL975343: Small triangular stone, painted black, built into corner of
house at junction of High Street and Fen Street, spotted on Street View.
Near Nayland, there was supposed to be an oval sarsen boulder 2.3m long, "at the corner of a crossroad from Bures to Colchester".68 Exactly where this could be found I don't know, since Nayland is miles from any road between those two places.
Before 20th century changes to the road and stream, a mammilated sarsen 0.5m x 1m high stood embedded on the bank beside the A134, close to Pop's Bridge (TL969339).68
|Needham||Massive Spilsby sandstone erratic at Needham Lake, discovered when the islands were constructed.30|
|Needham Market||TM088549: Years ago, I saw and photographed two small rocks embedded against base of wall, in alley between 44 and 46 High Street. They are no longer there.|
|Newton||TL915407: Large, rounded, mammilated sarsen boulder near left corner wall of Saracen's Head pub. Believed to have been a mounting block for riders changing horses on the way to the east coast.48 Visible HERE on Street View.|
|Otley||TM212550: A boulder weighing more than a ton has lain at this spot in a meadow beyond the High House since 1912. It was hit by a plough, then dragged to its current position by a steam engine. Attempts were made to break it up, but it couldn't even be chipped.83|
|Oulton||TM510936: Large stone dredged up from harbour in 19th century now on grave. It's said running round it 3 times will make the Devil appear.|
|Pakefield||TM538905: Sarsen stone under tower of Pakefield church, called by some a 'pagan altar stone'.|
There is supposed to be a "fairly impressive stone" in the lane outside
Red Castle Farm (TL901693),46 but I couldn't find any trace
of it when I visited in August 2016.
Alleged sarsen stone once at Baileypool Bridge,21 at Grimstone End.
conglomerate boulder in Spring Lane at Whitestreet Green.31
c.TL994403: Large stone found and cut up for supports for a footbridge. Both allegedly part of the 'Puddingstone Track'.59
|Preston St. Mary||TL954519: Puddingstone said to be in ditch 430m east of Charity Farm.77|
|Ramsholt||c.TM307414: "Mammilated Sarsen Stone from the (Lower Eocene) Reading beds is rare in the north; but it occurs in frequent blocks through the Stour valley in the south. One such block similar to the smaller monoliths of Stonehenge, was found last March by Mr. Englehart and us among farm buildings of Ramsholt Lodge".100|
|Rumburgh||"Immense" stone on common said buried when area enclosed; bargains held good upon it.|
Large ferruginous conglomerate in grassy bank outside farm at Drakestone Green.11
Said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Track'. I photographed it
back in the 1980's, but when I visited the site again in May 2016, I was
unable to find the stone. However, the farm owner tells me that it's
still there, just hidden under a hedge.
TM002467: Said to be another conglomerate by roadside near bridge over river Brett.31 The area is now so overgrown, and the roadside changed so much in the last 60 years, that there's little hope of ever finding this stone.
TL994461: The village website says there are two pieces of millstone on the verge here on Watson's Hill, but possibly not from a windmill which may once have stood nearby. Actually there are three stones, which I'm pretty sure are in fact sandstone glacial erratics.
|Shelley||TM031385: "Huge sarsen stone" built into church fabric at base of tower.32|
|Somersham||TM084488: Black-painted puddingstone c.45cm high built into corner of house opposite Duke of Marlborough pub, at corner of Hall Lane and Main Road.49 See it HERE on Street View.|
built into base of exterior church walls.
TM122449: Along the south wall of the Wild Man pub are four erratics, one quite large, painted black. This is at the junction of Burstall Lane and the High Street, and can be seen HERE on Street View.
|Stanningfield||TL881570: Two enormous boulders frame the gateway to Stone Farm, on the Bury Road.95 Although the farm is supposedly named after them, these have clearly been dug up locally, and probably placed there in modern times.|
|Stanton||Dr. Rudge said that there was a conglomerate rock here, possibly at Dale Farm, as that was where he then believed his 'Puddingstone Track' crossed Peddar's Way.75|
|Stoke by Nayland||Four sarsen
stones on green near church.33 Probably modern decoration.
TL986361: Boulder embedded into point of grass verge at junction of School Street and the B1087. Spotted on Street View HERE.
A stone nearly a metre long and with a "bowelly surface" (mammilated) was once said to be at Frost Farm, but I haven't been able to determine where this was.68
TL996367: A large glacial boulder about 2.4m x 1m is embedded in a small grassy triangle near the entrance to Scotland Place, visible on Street View HERE.94
|Stonhams area||Flat-topped stone once beside Norwich-Ipswich road near turnpike gate, said to get up & turn round when the gate banged shut.|
|Stuston||TM145785 area: A reader of this site tells me of a very large, moss-covered boulder (c.5' x4' x4') that used to be seen on a small mound in a meadow near the river just within Stuston parish. It was near the A140/A143 roundabout just outside Scole, but one day, after having seen it almost every day for 25 years, the rock had just disappeared. It's possible that it could have been dredged from the river and just dumped in the field, but where it is now.....81|
|Thurston||TL929653: Alleged 'Puddingstone Track' boulder in churchyard a few feet from church wall. It's actually a lump of church fabric left over from when the building collapsed in 1860.18|
|Thwaite||TM114682: Stone 66cm x 22cm x 15cm above ground near south corner of church, oriented exactly north-south.34|
|Timworth||TL858692: Large 'Puddingstone Track' boulder outside stables opposite Timworth Green Farm, moved from nearby green.14 Now (July 2015) so covered with moss and other growth that it doesn't even look like a rock.|
|Trimley||Glacial erratic found behind Trimley church.35|
|Walpole||A "nearly flat boulder...of the same stratum as...Chediston Stone" noted in 1948 on the lawn at Walpole vicarage, not thought to be in its original position.42|
|Washbrook||TM109426: Huge sarsen at base of church tower. Two more glacial rocks in wall above it.|
|Wattisham||TL003512: The Wattisham Stone, a large boulder near a threeways, said to turn round when Bildeston clock tower chimes.|
|Wenhaston||TM416759: Devil's Stone in the Devil's Pit, also known as a Druid Stone.|
|Wetheringsett||Weathered granite stone 60cm x 30cm x 30cm at base of church buttress.|
|Whepstead||TL823578: The Baal Stone at Stonecross Green. Possible base of wayside cross, said to have been a sacrificial site.|
|Wherstead||Two sarsen stones under buttress of church.|
TM371793: Glacial erratic noted at Thyme Cottage (at foot of tree in
TM371793: Sandstone conglomerate erratic noted at Bond's Farm (close to Thyme Cottage).45
|Withersdale||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of church.27|
|Woolverstone||Name of village supposed to have come from Wulf's Stone, where a Viking chief sacrificed a local maiden.|
|Wortham||TM084788: 'Wortham's Sacred Stone' in churchyard.|
|Arrington||TL325503: Massive ironstone boulder found under east wall of St. Nicholas' church.|
|Burwell||TL591664: Outside Burwell Museum is a rounded sandstone glacial erratic, found in a field between Burwell and Swaffham Prior.92|
|Caldecote||TL353587: Massive quartzitic boulder found at base of pit during excavations of an Iron Age settlement.|
TL486562: Sarsen stone about 1 metre across in car park of Robin Hood & Little John pub. 'Footprint' mark embedded into it, some say possibly carved.
Another stone reported on driveway of house close to the same pub.51
Nigel Pennick and/or Ken Clarke have reported various puddingstones here: TL403586: 2 at gate of Whitwell Farm in Whitwell Way; TL412588: outside cottage in The Footpath; TL413588: almost buried, at junction of Brook Lane & The Footpath; TL416587: on surface in The Footpath. Also, a large flat sarsen slab at TL408588, on edge of churchyard.52
TL480471: They are probably modern placements,
but there are various sizes of sarsen block visible on the verge near
the junction of Moorfield Road with the A505.
TL480459: Another not-very-large stone can be found on the small grassy triangle opposite the church, where St. Peter's Street and Chapel Street meet. On Street View HERE.
|Fen Ditton||c.TL487601: Large weathered stone on verge outside Manor House Farm in High Ditch Road; at some point cut into mounting block of 4 well-worn steps. A picture of it can be seen here.|
|Hardwick||TL373586: Sandstone boulder built into base of village sign, erected in 1989, visible on Street View HERE.|
|Histon||TL438635: "Huge boulder" currently in rear garden of 'The Boot' pub; carried from a pit on Park Lane & dropped at the pub corner by the genuine 'giant' Moses Carter (1801-60), who was nearly seven feet tall & very powerful.53|
|Linton||TL56154671: What is described as a "recumbent megalith" lies just off the west side of Church Lane, beside a path to the river Granta, and just north-north-west of St. Mary's church.79 This is actually a large sarsen, with odd 'cup-marks' in its upper surface, and measures 1.35m x 73cm x 30cm high.|
|Madingley||TL395604: Large sandstone erratic embedded in the verge just to the right of the entrance to Madingley Hall. Visible HERE on Street View.|
|Mepal||Cambridgeshire Archives hold a photograph of a 'plum pudding stone' somewhere here, with the annotation that it might be the marker for an 'ancient flood level'.72|
|Swaffham Prior||TL568639: Large, rounded glacial erratic built into the wall of St. Mary's church, along with other small ones.66|
|Wimpole||TL335509: In the gardens at Wimpole Hall is a 3 ton sandstone boulder known by some as the Wimpole Stone. Measuring 2.7m x 1.2m x 0.5m, it was brought from no great distance to the present site in about 1861, from near the Old North Road Station at TL316546.93|
|Witchford||TL507787: Very large rounded boulder sitting on surface at junction of Bedwell Hay Lane & Main Street. Dug up nearby in 1902 & dragged here by horses.54 Visible in THIS shot on Street View.|
|Wood Ditton||c.TL656583: Large boulder seen in field.55|
|Alphamstone||TL878354: Up to 11 sarsens in church & churchyard, with others throughout the village.|
|Bardfield Saling||TL686265: Stone at churchyard entrance, plus boulder under church buttress.|
|Beauchamp Roding||TL577097: Large triangular stone in graveyard, featured in church location legend.|
|Boxted||TL998332: Large sarsen stone jutting from wall of church.|
|Braintree||TL756229: Sarsen embedded next to church wall.|
|Broomfield||TL705105: Ferricrete puddingstone protruding from church wall, another in base of tower, plus two small sarsen stones outside gate.|
|Chadwell St. Mary||TQ646785: One (or possibly two) sarsens in churchyard.|
TL837291: Large block on verge said to be boundary stone.
TL850303: Sarsen blocks built into church tower.
|Dedham||TM057331: Large sarsen boulder near church wall used as gravestone, part of 'thunderbolt' legend. Another sarsen can be seen next to the church porch.|
|East Mersea||TM036142: Small boulder once thought wrongly to have been 11th century boundary stone.|
|Eastwood||TQ861888: Sarsen protruding through church floor.|
|Fairstead||TL768167: Puddingstone at base of church tower.|
|Felsted||TL676203: Stone once in churchyard; another found buried during excavation; alleged 'marker stone' just south of church.|
|Fordham||TL927280: Sarsen built into base of church tower. Said to be two similar stones on a nearby farm. There is another in Church Road, at the corner of a barn a little south of the church, 62 x 40 x 36cm high.|
|Fyfield||TL572067: Sarsens allegedly underpin each corner of church tower, but I could only find one.|
|Gestingthorpe||TL811388: Two stones on grass verge, one said to turn round at midnight.|
|Great Bardfield||TL678303: Two sarsens built into church fabric.|
|Great Dunmow||TL626227: The Jumping Stone, with fertility legend attached.|
|Great Leighs||TL738155: Puddingstone at north wall of church tower. Also, a boulder allegedly appeared at the Dog & Gun Inn in 1944, which afterward vanished.|
|Hadleigh||TQ810870: Sarsen boulder built into church wall.|
|High Easter||TL620147: Limestone boulder in churchyard.|
|Holyfield||TL387030: Puddingstone block in Puck Lane.|
|Ingatestone||TQ651996: Parish named after stone, possibly boulder in churchyard. Two other boulders at entrance to Fryerning Lane.|
|Laindon||TQ653883: Sarsen at buttress of former Dunton church.|
|Littlebury||TL497388: Large sarsen at crossroads at Catmere End.|
|Little Waltham||The witch's stone of Scrapfaggots Green, no longer extant.|
TL507065: Site of conglomerate in brook, later destroyed for fear it would grow.
TL513083: Puddingstone built into church foundations. Another reported in field at TL511083.
|Marks Tey||TL911238: Conglomerate at base of church tower.|
|Middleton||TL870396: Two sarsens in churchyard.|
|Newport||TL519349: The Leper Stone, allegedly used to deposit coins during a plague.|
|North Stifford||TQ604803: Puddingstone under corner of church.|
|North Weald Bassett||TL495052: Glacial erratic at church.|
|Pleshey||TL647143: Boulder at junction noted as boundary marker.|
|Saffron Walden||TL530389: The Hangman's Stone, featured in the legendary death of a sheep stealer.|
|South Weald||TQ572938: Puddingstone known as a 'breeding stone'.|
|Stanford Rivers||TL533009: Sarsen at entrance to churchyard.|
|Stock||TQ663986: Puddingstone at base of wall outside Buttsbury church.|
|Takeley||TL561212: Massive sarsen originally dug up from a significant site at Stansted Airport.|
|Thundersley||TQ782886: Devil's Stone/Bird Stone (with folklore) by church porch; another stone 50 yards away at roadside.|
|Tilty||TL599265: Rounded puddingstone and a sarsen in churchyard.|
|Twinstead||TL861366: Sarsen stone just outside corner of churchyard.|
|West Horndon||TQ635895: Sarsen and puddingstone by old East Horndon church porch.|
|Wicken Bonhunt||TL511334: Puddingstone & sarsen built into church fabric.|
|Wickham St. Paul||TL816367: Stone at Seven Sisters threeways. Other sarsens noted at the church & near the Hall.|
|Wormingford||TL932322: Sarsen beneath church buttress.|
1. F.W.Harmer: 'The Glacial Geology of Norfolk & Suffolk' (Jarrold & Sons, 1910), p.4.
2. Norfolk Record Office, Gt. Yarmouth Borough Archives 1208-2002.
4. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Trail-Further Discoveries' in 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.516.
5. Information from the late Ben Ripper of Swaffham.
6. 'Pudding-stones' in the 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.242.
7. E.A. & E.L.Rudge: 'The Conglomerate Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.29, 1952), p.24-5.
8. 'Report on the Excavations at Grime's Graves' in 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia' (1915), p.34.
9. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.22.
10. Information from John Williams in 'Spellthorn' No.1, in 'Lantern' No.23 (Autumn 1978).
11. E.A. & E.L. Rudge: 'Evidence for a Neolithic Trackway in Essex' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.28, 1950), p.179.
12. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Trail-Further Discoveries' in 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.513-5.
14. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.30, 1957-61), p.53.
15. Jean Hynes: 'The Pudding Stone Trail' in the 'East Anglian Magazine' (Vol.26, 1966-7), p.367.
16. 'Boxford Past, Present & Future' (The Boxford Society, 1978.)
17. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.30, 1957-61), p.54.
18. E.A. & E.L.Rudge: 'The Conglomerate Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.29, 1952), p.30.
19. Information from Peter Coupland in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
21. Jeremy Taylor: 'Seven Wonders' (self-published, 2008), p.21.
22. Information from Jill Bruce in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
24. Information from Nigel Dernley in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
27. H. Munro Cautley: 'Suffolk Churches & Their Treasures' (Batsford, 1937).
30. Tim Holt-Wilson: 'A Geodiversity Action Plan for Suffolk' in 'Transactions of the Suffolk Natural History Society' (Vol.43, 2007), p.8.
31. E.A. & E.L. Rudge: 'Evidence for a Neolithic Trackway in Essex' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.28, 1950), p.176.
32. Allan Jobson: 'Suffolk Villages' (Robert Hale, 1971), p.89.
34. W.A.Dutt: 'The Ancient Mark-Stones of East Anglia' (Flood & Son, 1926), p.13.
36. Information from Nigel Dernley in 'SpellThorn' No.3 in 'Lantern' No.25 (Spring 1979).
37. Letter in the 'Eastern Daily Press', July 11th 1974.
38. Information from Joan Snelling of Ludham.
39. R.C.Dunt: 'Local Markstones, Roads & Trackways' in the 'Journal of the Antiquarian Association' (Vol.1, 1931), p.168.
40. 'Gayton with Gayton Thorpe Parish Plan 2006", p.8.
42. Claude Morley in 'Transactions of the Suffolk Natural history Society' (Vol. 6, 1946-8), p. 223.
43. Letter from Miss S. Edwards in the 'East Anglia Magazine' (Feb.1962), p.235.
44. S.E.Dixon: 'Some Earthworks & Standing Stones in East Anglia', in 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia' (1914-18, Vol.2), p.171-3.
45. P. M. Warner: 'Blything Hundred' (University of Leicester PhD thesis, 1982), p.5, 44.
46. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.161.
47. C.H.Lewton Brain: ‘The Icknield Way’ in ‘Norfolk Archaeology’ (Vol.34, 1966-9), p.412.
48. Suffolk Federation of Women's Institutes: 'The Suffolk Village Book' (Countryside Books, 1991), p.169.
49. Suffolk Federation of Women's Institutes: 'The Suffolk Village Book' (Countryside Books, 1991), p.208.
52. Nigel Pennick: ‘Puddingstones at Coton’ in ‘Lantern’ No.12, Winter 1975-6, p.2.
55. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.124.
57. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.10.
58. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.11.
59. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.13.
60. 'Geological Survey of Great Britain' (HMSO, 1893), p.9.
62. Clement Reid: 'The Geology of the Country around Cromer' (Geological Survey, 1882), p.109.
63. Clement Reid: 'The Geology of the Country around Cromer' (Geological Survey, 1882), p.110.
64. Hallam Ashley Collection, HXA01, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
65. Whitaker, Skertchly & Jukes-Browne: 'The Geology of South-Western Norfolk & Northern Cambridgeshire' (Geological Survey, 1893), p.63.
67. 'Report of the 73rd Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science', (John Murray, 1904), p.236.
68. Prof. T. Rupert Jones: 'History of the Sarsens' in 'Geological Magazine' (Decade IV), Vol.8, Issue 2 (Feb.1901), p.57.
69. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.42.
70. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.50.
71. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.96.
72. Cambs Photograph Collection, Ref.X119/60, Cambridgeshire Archives.
73. Clive Paine (ed): 'Hartest: A Village History' (Hartest Local History Group, 1984), p.137.
74. Alan Crosby: 'A History of Thetford' (Phillimore, 1986), plate 27.
75. Letter, Dr. E. Rudge to Mrs E. Pilcher, 28/9/50.
76. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.22.
77. E.A. Rudge 'Further Observations on the Conglomerate Track' in 'Essex Naturalist' Vol.29, 1952-6, p.257.
78. A.E. Salter: 'Pebbly Gravel from Goring Gap to the Norfolk Coast', in 'Proceedings of the Geologists Association' Vol.14, Issue 9 (1896), p.399.
81. Information from Carl Jordan.
82. Information from Phil Cox.
83. Russell Ling & Lester Hawes: 'Otley Past: Folklore & Local History' (private, 2012), p.95.
84. H. K. Creed: 'The Stones in Mutford Wood' in 'Proceedings of the Suffolk Institute for Archaeology' Vol. IV, Part 5 (1872), p.244-6.
87. George Maw: 'The Occurrence of Consolidated Blocks in the Drift of Suffolk', in 'Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society', Vol.23, Part 1 (1867), p.111.
89. Information from Claire Pruden, & https://heritage.suffolk.gov.uk - Goymors Farm
93. F. R. Cowper Reed: 'Note on a Large Boulder at Wimpole Hall, Cambs', in 'Geological Magazine (Decade IV)' (Issue 6, Vol. 5, June 1898), p.267.
95. Robert Halliday: 'Suffolk Strange But True' (History Press, 2008), p.31.
96. John Timpson: 'Timpson's Leylines' (Cassell & Co, 2000), pp. 7, 14.
97. David Osborne: 'A View of Thetford Past' (D. Osborne, 1984), no page numbers, under letter L for London Road.
99. David Osborne: 'Thetford: A Century Remembered' (D. Osborne, 1996), p.91.
100. Editor's note to: William Fowler: 'A Relic of the Glacial Sands', in 'Transactions of the Suffolk Natural History Society' (1932-4) Vol.2, p.12.