Hidden East Anglia:
The STONE INDEX
Below is listed alphabetically, by town or parish, every odd stone and glacial erratic that I know about in Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire.
((The section for Essex only includes those already featured on this site as having a legend, or being in a 'significant' location. The county is otherwise excluded because there are hundreds if not thousands of glacial erratics littering the region. Better - and more local - people than me have been trying to catalogue them for over a century.))
Many are linked back to their entry in 'Significant Stones' or to their entry in the gazetteer of legends. At the end is a list of sources where I first found some of the others referenced or pictured, while others have been noted by myself on various field trips.
I have no doubt that some of the smaller stones (e.g. at Salthouse, Bildeston and Framlingham) have no importance whatsoever, and have just been placed to protect the corners of houses etc - but I have included them anyway for the sake of completeness. I'm sure there are hundreds more all over the region.
Some are said to be part of the supposed 'Puddingstone Trail', discovered and elaborated upon by the late Dr. Ernest Rudge during the 1940s and 50s. This is supposed to be the remnant of a route used by flint traders in the late Palaeolithic period, stretching all the way from Stonehenge to the north Norfolk coast. Every marker stone on the route is supposed to be a type of 'puddingstone' or 'conglomerate' rock, but I know from experience that some are not. Like many others, I'm far from convinced that the 'Trail' really exists, but more recent information about it can be found here: The Megalithic Portal
previously recorded here that Professor P. F. Kendall
had noticed a large boulder of Norwegian Laurvikite in this village,1
but it turns out that this was actually on the beach.67 So,
it's definitely not the same rock as the "large mass" of basalt noted in
1882 opposite the entrance to Bromholm Priory.62
TG347334: On Google Street View I've seen five largish boulders against the front of a house in Walcott Road near the junction with Abbey Street, and at TG347334 a smallish rounded rock by a gatepost in Priory Road. None of these are embedded, and all look like recent decoration.
|Barnham Broom||TG074053: The Skipping Block, stone once at crossroads on parish boundary, used as mounting block.|
|Beechamwell||TF767095: The Cowell Stone, on parish boundary near junction of Roman road & Icknield Way. Supposed to be part of the 'Puddingstone Trail', but actually sandstone.|
grave in churchyard, once one of a pair (other still at TG167428) in
priory grounds, with attached ghost story.
TG174431: Boulder half-buried in bank outside wall at south corner of churchyard; another against north wall within churchyard, though probably not on original site.
|Beighton||'Lantern slide' in Norfolk Record Office said to show 'standing stone' here.2|
A granitic rock, about 2' 6" (76cm) long, was recorded long ago at Bessingham Church.62
|Bixley||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s.39|
|Bramerton||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s.39|
|Burgh St. Peter||Large limestone boulder under
lime tree in front of Burgh Hall, probably brought from local field.3
TM486930: Two lumps of limestone are embedded in the verge outside Beech Farm Barn, as seen here on Street View.
|Carlton||A stone here mentioned in the 1930s39 - but I'm unsure which Carlton is meant, as there are several parishes of that name.|
|Cawston||Glacial bluestones near church & Church Farm.|
|Cockley Cley||Milestone on the Gooderstone road once said to turn round when the church bells chime.|
|Cranwich||TL782949: Layer of non-pebbly dark brown carrstone goes around the church tower. Said to be a site on the so-called 'Puddingstone Trail'.4 Layer visible in this picture.|
|Croxton||c.TL860880: Large boulder
marking parish boundary, on Icknield Way in Croxton Park.
A "curious old stone" in the churchyard. Square hole in top.37 Possibly once a cross-base?
|Denton||A significant stone was said to have stood by the roadside in this parish, not far from the turning to Homersfield.44|
|Dilham||I have a note (but nothing more) of a stone seen by me at Dilham in the 1970's.|
|Drymere||TF782064: Large boulder moved to roadside from forest, said to have fallen as a meteor.|
|Dunton||The Longfield Stone, once on Gallow Hill, site of the Hundred Court in the 16th century.|
|East Lexham||Stone once by farm gate near church, allegedly made into base of a wayside cross.5|
|Felbrigg||White quartzite boulder 4 feet (1.2m) long was noted in 1882 in Sexton's Wood in Felbrigg Park, "in the path close to the high road".62|
|Flegg area||A dole stone or boundary once said to be here, that goes to drink from a brook at midnight.|
|Foulsham||Stone at bottom of ditch marking where boundaries of Foulsham, Twyford & Guist meet.|
|Gayton||TF733193: In the 1940's Dr.
Rudge of 'Puddingstone Trail' fame reported a "white silicious
conglomerate' rock in the lane behind the Mill Stores.6 This
particular map reference actually leads one to the lane next to Mill
House (now a care home) in Litcham Road, where there are in fact 3 small stones
beside the wall, none of which are
There are apparently other puddingstones in the grounds of Gayton Hall.40
|Geldeston||TM397921: The Geld Stone, originally at a threeways (TM399919), said to be where the 10th century Danegeld was paid.|
Druidical stone circle (the 'Gull Stones') 3m high, removed in 1768 to
build harbour pier.
TM524044: Two smallish stones in Church Lane, & 1 'standing stone' now vanished, near churchyard wall.
|Great Hockham||Huge boulder moved to village green in 1880, now turned by villagers on special occasions.|
|Grimes Graves (Weeting)||TL817896: A large rock of the supposed 'Puddingstone Trail' in a clay pit.7 There are actually two, one of carrstone and the other of Lincolnshire flint.8|
|Grimston||TF720224: Another 'puddingstone' was noted here by Dr. Rudge,9 and this is actually a small lump of carrstone at the foot of the wall of No.1 Massingham Road. It's obviously not in any 'original' position, as it's sat on a slightly-raised concrete step in a blocked-up doorway, as seen here. It looks remarkably similar to a stone that was once only a few metres away, outside the Old Bell Inn, in a 1910 photograph available here.|
|Happisburgh||A large boulder of carboniferous limestone recorded here.62|
|Hardley||TG376003: Stone used as cross-base or boundary marker here at crossroads, haunted by a woman in red.|
TM243832: Herolf's Stone
alley, said to have given the town its name, with several associated
I have pictures of two smallish triangular stones here at the corners of buildings, but locations unknown.
puddingstone under buttress of church tower.9
TF679372: At this grid reference, Dr. Rudge recorded another puddingstone, behind the schoolhouse, which would be Heacham Infant & Nursery School).9 However, the stone was reported to him by C. H. Lewton-Brain, and I suspect Rudge never actually saw it, because the author Shirley Toulson found such a puddingstone behind the former schoolhouse, now a private house, at TF679379.70
TF680379: An erratic boulder, possibly of Norwegian granite, outside Archway Cottage on the Green, not far from the church. Visible HERE on Street View.70
|Hempnall||TM255902: Site of Baron's Duel Stone where 3 parishes & 3 Hundreds meet, thought to be a pre-Saxon marker.|
|Hemsby||TG494174: Boulder 71cm x 50cm x 40cm high partly buried in grassy bank just behind churchyard gate.|
|Hoe||TF978168: Sandstone boulder said to mark centre of Norfolk, probably placed there by local antiquarian.|
|Holme-next-the-Sea||TF707435: Glacial erratic boulder uncovered in foundations of church, now kept in churchyard.|
|Honing||TG325278: Boulder 60cm x 45cm x 60cm high embedded next to wall at a threeways.|
|Houghton||It was reported recently that a large glacial erratic was removed from the site of burial mounds on the Houghton Hall estate.41 Exactly where I'm not sure, but there are mounds just east of the hall itself that could be either barrows, or spoil heaps from landscaping.|
|Ingham||TG391261: 1 large & 2
smallish boulders against frontage of shop, cottage & Swan pub at
staggered crossroads near church.
TG388260: Small stone 365m from crossroads by gate of cottage along B1151 towards Stalham.
|Ingoldisthorpe||TF691328: Said to be puddingstones under walls & buttresses of the church tower, & another half-buried in turf at west end of church.4 Charles Lewton Brain described here "a largish rough boulder set up on end", but whether it was the same as the one half-buried, I don't know.47|
|Itteringham||TG145322: Boulders in Sanctuary at Mannington Hall described as 'Druid Stones'.|
|Kelling||TG095429: 1.2m x 60cm x 30cm high rectangular boulder set into bank outside house near threeways. In the 1970's, looked recently uncovered.|
|Kirby Bedon||TG279055: Crag of stone with tapering jagged sections 1m x 1m at base x 1.1m high against corner of house where road from church meets Norwich road & footpath from A146.|
|Ludham||TG388183: Boulder here at staggered crossroads, moved during road works from original site opposite, nearer churchyard gates.38 76cm x 60cm x 46cm high. HERE on Street View, below the 'tea rooms' sign.|
|Lyng||c.TG080171: The Great Stone of Lyng, beside hollow-way in King's Grove, with treasure, battle & other associated legends.|
|Marsham||Three boulders of "veined grit" were once to be seen by the road north of the church, one of them measuring 4' x 3' x 2' (1.2m x 91cm x 61cm).63|
|Martham||TG454184: Sarsen 'markstone' on track near churchyard.|
|Merton||TL895991: The Merton Stone, a huge boulder in a pit beside Peddar's Way. If moved, the waters will rise & cover the earth.|
|Methwold||Ancient stone once here at crossways on Cross Hill, allegedly converted into base of wayside cross.|
|Narborough||Dr. Rudge mentioned a conglomerate boulder somewhere near Narborough Mill, but gave no further details.76|
|Necton||I have a note of a glacial erratic stone here.|
|Newton-by-Castle Acre||TM831155: Large glacial boulder found built into foundations of church.|
Stone said to
run across road when it hears Caldecote church bells strike midnight.
TF742012: In the north-west corner of the gardens at Oxburgh Hall is the 'Roman Oyster Stone', a large boulder made up of concreted oyster fossils, dragged up from the river Wissey in the 1960s.50
|Ringstead||TF707403: The author Shirley Toulson noted a puddingstone on the forecourt of the Gin Trap pub, but there's nothing visible now.69|
|Rougham||TF831206: Large "roughly-hewn" stone now near church but once on village green.5|
|Rushford||Dr. Rudge claimed to have found a conglomerate here somewhere, that he once thought had been part of his Track.75|
|Salhouse||TG288157: There is said to be a glacial boulder "near Bear's Grove, on north side of Norwich to Wroxham road".10|
|Salthouse||3 smallish stones along track to church: 1 at house gate, 1 near farmyard entrance, 1 by house wall.|
|Sedgeford||TF705364: Large erratic next to the Lady Well west of the church.|
outside barn said to run across road when they hear the cock crow.
Heap of stones said to cover drowned sailors, said to be haunted.
TG169427 area: 3 stones painted black 10m apart in roadside bank outside ruins of old barn.
|Shouldham Thorpe||TF655090: The Fodderstone, a boulder of Kimeridge Clay, described as being near the crossroads, by the village inn.10 There's nothing visible on Street View, though. If there is such a rock nearby, it's probably a fragment of the huge boulder being worked in the 1880s in the local brickyard.60|
TF690342: Alleged 'Puddingstone Trail' stone near remains of old chancel
next to church.11
TF684342: Rudge said that there was another stone belonging to his Trail in the wall of a house in this village.11 This I have now tracked down to a small, much-eroded lump of rock at the corner of No. 25 Lynn Road. It can be seen on Street View here.
A smallish block of carrstone is visible here at the corner of Hope House in Lynn Road (TF685341), and another, painted white, here at the corner of Stockley's pharmacy. A football-sized stone of indeterminate type is against a farm wall at the junction of Lynn Road and a footpath, here at TF684343.
|South Creake||Bluestone Farm said named after glacial boulder.|
|Southery||c.TL617945: The Magic Stone, said to be now at Stocks Corner. Magical properties, said to have fallen from the sky.|
|South Lopham||TM052809: The Ox-Foot Stone, originally in meadow, now in conservatory of farm house. Hoofmark of magical cow on its surface.|
|South Runcton||A 1.4m long boulder of 'shelly limestone' was seen long ago on a track about 500m east-south-east of the ruins of the village church.65|
|Stalham||TG378261: Possible boundary stone hit by plough where three parishes meet.|
|Stockton||TM387947: The Stockton Stone, glacial erratic beside A146, supposedly cursed. Possible boundary mark, recorded in 17th century.|
|Surlingham||Large boulder seen by me set in ground beside track, but I don't have a location. May be the same stone as noted here in the 1930s.39|
|Swaffham||TF818089: Boulder set in pavement in Lynn Street, possibly moved from crossroads.|
boulders 1m high once in Minstergate just north of Town Bridge, now gone due to
redevelopment. Others once lined one side of St. Nicholas Street. Said to be part of the
'Puddingstone Trail'.12 There are also two other stones
visible where Minstergate now curves to join St. Nicholas Street: one
beneath the street sign, the other a few metres away at the foot of an
old wall. Both are visible in
THIS shot on Street View.
TL868830: Two possible puddingstones which I saw in the 1980s I erroneously recorded as being in Minstergate, but I now find they were actually either side of the gateway to Bridge House, a little further south. Both are still there and visible on Street View, one here, and the other here. The latter looks like it has been roughly shaped, and I really can't be sure that either are puddingstone.
c.TL868830: Two more puddingstones once said to be near the old Maltings on the opposite side of the river (again now lost due to redevelopment), beside ford.12 A smallish stone (type unknown) is visible on the west side of Bridge Road, in grass beside the footpath next to the river.
A picture from 1912 shows two more boulders, type unknown, close to the old Maltings site. They are shown against a fence around the north side of Peacock's Commercial Hotel, which became part of the now-demolished Anchor Hotel. Further down the road there appears to have been one (or possibly two) smaller boulders at the corner of a house which is now Wong's Taste of China.74
TL873825: Shirley Toulson went looking for Rudge's puddingstones that I've noted above - but she went to the wrong river crossing. She claimed to have seen another puddingstone at the second of the three Nun's Bridges, visible from the north-eastern bank.71
|Threxton||Ancient stone, possibly Roman milestone on Peddar's Way, noted in the 18th century.|
|West Winch||TF632158: Reader Helen Lindsell has noticed a very smooth glacial erratic at the north-east corner of St. Mary's church. About the size of the body of a sheep, it looks to me a water-worn boulder, perhaps deposited there fairly recently. Thanks to Helen for the information and the photo.|
|Winterton||TG495195: The Stone, in The Lane. When moved in 1931, said to have caused a poor fishing catch.|
|Woodton||A block of Hertfordshire puddingstone was noted here in the late 19th century.78|
|Worstead||TG314273: 2 stones 60cm x 45cm x 30cm high, 1 embedded at Briggate at turning to Meeting Hill. By the look of things, most of this latter rock has now been broken up and scattered along the grass verge.|
|Alderton||A glacial erratic at TM342417, "marking an ancient bend in the road from Shottisham to Alderton".13 You can see it HERE on Street View.|
|Bacton||TL035652 area: said to have once been a 2m x 2m x 1.2m boulder here on parish boundary at Boys Entry.|
|Badwell Ash||TL989689: At one time, Dr. Rudge thought his Puddingstone Track ran through Suffolk via Badwell Ash, Buxhall and Wattisham.75 Here was what he called a 'famous' stone, though I can find no reference to it anywhere else. At this map reference, however, there is a large rounded boulder at the corner of No. 59, The Street, visible on Street View here.|
|Barking||TM082519: 'Deadmans-stone' marker on manor boundary near Ditch Wood.|
(now painted white) in yard of the former Grafton Arms (now Dine India). Said to be a marker on the so-called
TL861768: Puddingstone at corner of barn at West Farm. Said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone Trail'.14
|Barrow||c.TL760639: Stone set in pavement said to mark where highwayman hanged, & turns over at midnight on New Year's Eve.|
|Barsham||Large rock found buried at crossing of tracks, now outside village hall.|
Boulder embedded in steep bank in Puddingmoor, once theorised as
original sacred site of town.
TM422907: The Barsham Trysting Stone now in Northgate garden, once at crossways near Barsham Hall.
TM421907: The Brampton Stone now in Northgate garden, originally from Brampton village, plus another glacial erratic originally from Burgh St. Peter. Possibly also another known as the Redisham Stone.
Two smallish stones at bottom of Hungate Lane.
Small square stone at corner of wall in Tannery Score.
TL992494: Stone now behind former Old Bull Inn, moved from original site
in market square. Said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone
Smallish black stone noted by me at corner of Bec Cottage in Chapel Street.
|Blaxhall||TM355568: The Blaxhall Stone, said to have been found as small rock in field, then dropped in yard of Stone Farm where it grew to present 5 ton size.|
Series of small stones in village, said by some (though not by Dr. Rudge) to be part of the so-called 'Puddingstone Trail': 2 at corner of house in Broad Street, 1 at base of wall next to bridge over Box river, 2 at corner of Butchers Lane, 1 in grassy bank at corner of Church Street & Stone Street Road, several others along Swan Street.15, 16 Some pictures can be seen here and here. I've spotted two more that might be puddingstone in Stone Street, at TL964396, which are visible on Street View HERE and HERE.
TL968387: Dr. Rudge records an 'unconfirmed' puddingstone in a wall at Peyton Hall,17 and was told of another, removed during World War Two. Once at a turn in the parish boundary at TL968379.59
|Bradfield St. Clare||TL905570: Large boulder dug up in field near Sutton Hall Cottages, allegedly a puddingstone.58|
Glacial boulder built into pillar foundation within church.
TM122464: Large boulder, supposedly giving its name to Gippingstone Road.
|Brampton||TM410830: Very large standing stone about 8' (2.4m) tall in rough field next to railway line just south of Brampton Station. Almost certainly erected in recent days, presumably by landowner.61|
|Brent Eleigh||TL941478: Group of 3 large glacial rocks embedded at 'ancient' crossroads.|
|Bungay||TM337898: Druid's Stone in churchyard. Also called Devil's Stone or Giant's Grave. Various legends attached.|
|Bures St. Mary||TL918345: Dr. Rudge records a puddingstone by the hedge at the ruins of St. Stephen's Chapel.17|
|Buxhall||TM002572: Another puddingstone was noted by Rudge at Buxhall, with his supposed Track running via Valley Farm. At the entrance to the Farm can be seen two large rocks, although they look rather like modern placements, and don't look like any type of conglomerate: on Street View here.|
|Carlton Colville||c.TM524905: Large stone referred to as a 'waymark' buried at former crossroads, at ford on track to ancient settlement.|
|Chediston||TM366765: Cedd's Stone at Rockstone Lodge gave name to village. Once said to be 10m high, & turns round.|
Puddingstone partly buried in foundations on north side of church tower.18
TL987471: Large boulder by door of Chelsworth Common Farm. Both rocks said to be part of so-called 'Puddingstone Trail'.18
|Cockfield||TL925560: Small glacial boulder at threeways junction, very close to the Hundred-stone, the meeting-point of 3 ancient hundreds & 3 parishes.|
semi-circle of large stones outside gateway & 2 more inside, at house
beside footpath between church & village.19
A quartzite glacial erratic boulder is shown in a photograph from 1960, on the south side of Belstead Brook, near Copdock Mill.64
|Corton||Two stones in ancient lane, possibly on a boundary, at Newton Cross hamlet now lost to coastal erosion.|
unhewn block' once on burial mound on Hill of Health.
TL858747: Stone supposed to be on Culford Heath, said to be a marker on the so-called 'Puddingstone Trail'.14
|Debenham||c.TM158636: The Groaning Stone, in bed of stream, said to turn over & groan when it hears church clock strike midnight.|
|Denston||A glacial erratic "much smaller" than the Hartest Stone outside the former Plumbers Arms, Wickham Street (TL758541).20 This is a small, rounded boulder, rescued from a nearby stream where it was once dumped.|
|Drinkstone||TL960616: An erratic at the side of the road, near the church.10|
|Edwardstone||TL941422: An erratic north-east of the church, between Wardentree Farm & the Hall.10|
|Felsham||TL945570: Rudge noted another 'Puddingstone Trail' markstone near entrance to drive of Felsham Manor,14 then years later said there were two, but had been placed there only for "decorative purposes".58|
|Fornham St. Martin||TL864672: The Hiring Stone, near yard of Hall Farm, said to be where labourers hired & wages paid. Part of the 'Puddingstone Trail'.|
high x 30cm square grey stone with shaped top near steps in marketplace.
(In the centre,
HERE on Street View.)
TM283633: Years ago I spotted a small stone embedded at the corner of a house where Brook Lane leads west off the B1116, but it seems to be gone now.
|Gisleham||Back in 1974, I noted a large egg-shaped boulder resting by the side of a footpath in this parish, somewhere around TM526885. About 1.3m long x 1m across, I described it as grey in colour and pock-marked with fossil impressions. It's quite possible that it was excavated from the nearby brickworks quarry.|
|Great Livermere||TL882718: Alleged 'Puddingstone Trail' boulder beneath tree to south of churchyard.9 M. R. James noted "a large unworked stone" here in 1930.|
|Grimstone End||Alleged sarsen stone once at Baileypool Bridge.21|
|Harleston||TM019609 area: 'Immovable' boulder said to be on Rush Green, where Protestant martyrs burnt.|
|Hartest||TL833525: The Hartest Stone, boulder on village green. Brought from local field in 1713, now said to turn over when it hears church clock strike midnight.|
|Henstead||TM487861: I was told long ago of a large stone on the edge of the churchyard, aligned on the axis of the church, but I was never able to find it.22 This would seem to be the same stone mentioned in a letter to a local magazine in 1962.43 However, I've now (April 2013) located it - but it's not a glacial erratic at all. It is in fact a large, overgrown mound of 20th century concrete! It's at the extreme western edge of the churchyard, very close to the road, and does indeed lie on the church axis. So, definitely nothing ancient or significant at all.|
|Hessett||TL937618: Dr. Rudge mentioned Hessett church as being on his 'Puddingstone Trail', but didn't actually describe any stone here.18 However, when I visited, I found a rather odd 'conglomerate'-type stone in the church porch.|
|Hintlesham||A glacial erratic is at the corner of a farmyard here.23|
|Hitcham||I've been told
of a boulder at Plains Farm, at a crossing of tracks.24
TL990528: A later addition to the 'Puddingstone Trail' said to have been found at Cross Green.25
|Ilketshall St. Margaret||A large stone was reported as having once been extant somewhere along the narrow track called Shoe Devil Lane, north of the church.44|
|Ingham||TL857708: Puddingstone beside path near Cadogan Arms boundary wall.14, 26 Another 'small boulder' beside a barn at Neville House Farm (TL855735), and another at Bodney Farm (TL854721)57 All said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Trail'.|
|Ipswich||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of St. Peter's church.27|
conglomerate stone set in pavement on north side of main street.7
TM000441: Small rounded stone near watersplash. Both stones here said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Trail'.7
|Layham||Glacial erratic at corner of barn at Netherbury Hall;28 another erratic in the farmyard at the Hall, from the same source.|
|Leavenheath||TL968379: Dr. Rudge records a puddingstone removed about 1940 from a turning point of the Leavenheath/Boxford parish boundary.17|
|Letheringham||TM288564: Boulder once at foot of Potsford Gibbet, said to scream when kicked by someone's heel.|
|Lidgate||Glacial erratic similar to, but smaller than, the Hartest Stone reported to be at Lidgate Castle.73|
|Linstead Parva||Large boulder on edge of cottage yard near school.29|
Witches Stones, the remains of a 16th century beacon, said to run to the
sea at midnight unless bathed in fire.
TM538905: Sarsen stone under tower of Pakefield church, called by some a 'pagan altar stone'.
TM551938: Smallish stone at corner of Crown Street.
TM549938: Two small rocks at either end of wall (now a garden fence) at junction of Church Road & Wesley Street.
Small black-painted stone once close to wall in Clapham Road (road mostly now gone).
|Mendlesham||TM103658: The Preaching Stone, in Old Market Street. Said to be where preaching occurred in 15th & 18th centuries.|
|Metfield||Puddingstone boulder in churchyard.|
|Mettingham||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of church.27|
|Middleton||c.TM409669: Huge boulder at Home Farm said to have treasure beneath it, & the Devil can be heard if one's ears are placed against it.|
|Monk Soham||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of church.27|
|Mutford||Stone in churchyard "almost identical" to that in Croxton churchyard, 53cm square x 35cm deep, with a 17cm wide x 8cm deep square hole in top. Brought there years before from Mutford Hall.37 Possibly once a cross-base?|
TL975343: Small triangular stone, painted black, built into corner of
house at junction of High Street and Fen Street, spotted on Street View.
Near Nayland, there was supposed to be an oval sarsen boulder 2.3m long, "at the corner of a crossroad from Bures to Colchester".68 Exactly where this could be found I don't know, since Nayland is miles from any road between those two places.
Before 20th century changes to the road and stream, a mammilated sarsen 0.5m x 1m high stood embedded on the bank beside the A134, close to Pop's Bridge (TL969339).68
|Needham||Massive Spilsby sandstone erratic at Needham Lake, discovered when the islands were constructed.30|
|Needham Market||Two small rocks against base of wall, off the main street, close to a road called the Causeway.|
|Newton||TL915407: Large, rounded, mammilated sarsen boulder near left corner wall of Saracen's Head pub. Believed to have been a mounting block for riders changing horses on the way to the east coast.48 Visible HERE on Street View.|
|Oulton||TM510936: Large stone dredged up from harbour in 19th century now on grave. It's said running round it 3 times will make the Devil appear.|
|Pakenham||There is supposed to be a "fairly impressive stone" in the lane outside Red Castle Farm (TL901693).46|
boulder in Spring Lane at Whitestreet Green.31
c.TL994403: Large stone found and cut up for supports for a footbridge. Both allegedly part of the 'Puddingstone Trail'.59
|Preston St. Mary||TL954519: Puddingstone said to be in ditch 430m east of Charity Farm.77|
|Ramsholt||c.TM307414: Sarsen boulder found in 1930s among farm buildings of Ramsholt Lodge.|
|Rumburgh||"Immense" stone on common said buried when area enclosed; bargains held good upon it.|
Large ferruginous conglomerate in grassy bank outside farm at Drakestone Green.11
Said to be part of the 'Puddingstone Trail'.
TM002467: Said to be another conglomerate by roadside near bridge over river Brett.31
|Shelley||TM031385: "Huge sarsen stone" built into church fabric at base of tower.32|
|Somersham||TM084488: Black-painted puddingstone c.45cm high built into corner of house opposite Duke of Marlborough pub, at corner of Hall Lane and Main Road.49 See it HERE on Street View.|
|Sproughton||Glacial rocks built into base of exterior church walls.|
|Stanton||Dr. Rudge said that there was a conglomerate rock here, possibly at Dale Farm, as that was where he then believed his 'Puddingstone Track' crossed Peddar's Way.75|
|Stoke by Nayland||Four sarsen
stones on green near church.33 Probably modern decoration.
TL986361: Boulder embedded into point of grass verge at junction of School Street and the B1087. Spotted on Street View HERE.
A stone nearly a metre long and with a "bowelly surface" (mammilated) was once said to be at Frost Farm, but I haven't been able to determine where this was.68
|Stonhams area||Flat-topped stone once beside Norwich-Ipswich road near turnpike gate, said to get up & turn round when the gate banged shut.|
|Thurston||TL929653: Alleged 'Puddingstone Trail' boulder in churchyard a few feet from church wall. It's actually a lump of church fabric left over from when the building collapsed in 1860.18|
|Thwaite||TM114682: Stone 66cm x 22cm x 15cm above ground near south corner of church, oriented exactly north-south.34|
|Timworth||TL858692: Large 'Puddingstone Trail' boulder outside stables opposite Timworth Green Farm, moved from nearby green.14|
|Trimley||Glacial erratic found behind Trimley church.35|
|Walpole||A "nearly flat boulder...of the same stratum as...Chediston Stone" noted in 1948 on the lawn at Walpole vicarage, not thought to be in its original position.42|
|Washbrook||TM109426: Huge sarsen at base of church tower.|
TL003512: The Wattisham Stone, a
large boulder near a threeways, said to turn round when Bildeston clock
Shaped stone at Hall Farm used as gatepost, possibly originally from nearby field.36
|Wenhaston||TM416759: Devil's Stone in the Devil's Pit, also known as a Druid Stone.|
|Wetheringsett||Weathered granite stone 60cm x 30cm x 30cm at base of church buttress.|
|Whepstead||TL823578: The Baal Stone at Stonecross Green. Possible base of wayside cross, said to have been a sacrificial site.|
|Wherstead||Two sarsen stones under buttress of church.|
TM370792: Glacial erratic noted at Thyme Cottage (at foot of tree in
TM371793: Sandstone conglomerate erratic noted at Bond's Farm (close to Thyme Cottage).45
|Withersdale||Erratic boulder in footing or fabric of church.27|
|Woolverstone||Name of village supposed to have come from Wulf's Stone, where a Viking chief sacrificed a local maiden.|
|Wortham||TM084788: 'Wortham's Sacred Stone' in churchyard.|
TL486562: Sarsen stone about 1 metre across in car park of Robin Hood & Little John pub. 'Footprint' mark embedded into it, some say possibly carved.
Another stone reported on driveway of house close to the same pub.51
Nigel Pennick and/or Ken Clarke have reported various puddingstones here: TL403586: 2 at gate of Whitwell Farm in Whitwell Way; TL412588: outside cottage in The Footpath; TL413588: almost buried, at junction of Brook Lane & The Footpath; TL416587: on surface in The Footpath. Also, a large flat sarsen slab at TL408588, on edge of churchyard.52
TL480471: It might be a modern placement,
but a smallish block of sarsen is visible on the verge on the east side
of Moorfield Road, just before the junction with the A505.
HERE it is on Street View.
TL480459: Another not-very-large stone can be found on the small grassy triangle opposite the church, where St. Peter's Street and Chapel Street meet. On Street View HERE.
|Fen Ditton||c.TL487601: Large weathered stone on verge outside Manor House Farm in High Ditch Road; at some point cut into mounting block of 4 well-worn steps. A picture of it can be seen here.|
|Histon||TL438635: "Huge boulder" currently in rear garden of 'The Boot' pub; carried from a pit on Park Lane & dropped at the pub corner by the genuine 'giant' Moses Carter (1801-60), who was nearly seven feet tall & very powerful.53|
|Linton||What is described as a "recumbent megalith" is supposed to lie close to the stream, just south of St. Mary's church.79|
|Mepal||Cambridgeshire Archives hold a photograph of a 'plum pudding stone' somewhere here, with the annotation that it might be the marker for an 'ancient flood level'.72|
|Swaffham Prior||TL568639: Large, rounded glacial erratic built into the wall of St. Mary's church, along with other small ones.66|
|Witchford||TL507787: Large rounded boulder sitting on surface at junction of Bedwell Hay Lane & Main Street. Dug up nearby in 1902 & dragged here by horses.54 Visible in THIS shot on Street View.|
|Wood Ditton||c.TL656583: Large boulder seen in field.55|
|Alphamstone||TL878354: Up to 11 sarsens in church & churchyard, with others throughout the village.|
|Bardfield Saling||TL686265: Stone at churchyard entrance, plus boulder under church buttress.|
|Beauchamp Roding||TL577097: Large triangular stone in graveyard, featured in church location legend.|
|Boxted||TL998332: Large stone jutting from wall of church.|
|Braintree||TL756229: Sarsen embedded next to church wall.|
|Broomfield||TL705105: Puddingstone protruding from church wall, plus two small stones outside gate.|
|Chadwell St. Mary||TQ646785: One (or possibly two) sarsens in churchyard.|
TL837291: Large block on verge said to be boundary stone.
TL850303: Sarsen blocks built into church tower.
|Dedham||TM057331: Large boulder near church wall used as gravestone, part of 'thunderbolt' legend.|
|East Mersea||TM036142: Small boulder once thought wrongly to have been 11th century boundary stone.|
|Eastwood||TQ861888: Sarsen protruding through church floor.|
|Fairstead||TL768167: Puddingstone at base of church tower.|
|Felsted||TL676203: Stone once in churchyard; another found buried during excavation; alleged 'marker stone' just south of church.|
|Fordham||TL927280: Sarsen built into base of church tower. Said to be two similar stones nearby at Ram's Farm. Another in Church Road, at the corner of a building a little south of the church.|
|Fyfield||TL572067: Sarsens underpin corners of church tower.|
|Gestingthorpe||TL811388: Two stones on grass verge, one said to turn round at midnight.|
|Great Bardfield||TL678303: Two sarsens built into church fabric.|
|Great Dunmow||TL626227: The Jumping Stone, with fertility legend attached.|
|Great Leighs||TL738155: Puddingstone at north wall of church tower. Also, a boulder allegedly appeared at the Dog & Gun Inn in 1944, which afterward vanished.|
|Hadleigh||TQ810870: Sarsen boulder built into church wall.|
|Holyfield||TL387030: Puddingstone block in Puck Lane.|
|Ingatestone||TQ651996: Parish named after stone, possibly boulder in churchyard. Two other boulders at entrance to Fryerning Lane.|
|Laindon||TQ653883: Sarsen at buttress of former Dunton church.|
|Littlebury||TL497388: Large sarsen at crossroads at Catmere End.|
|Little Waltham||The witch's stone of Scrapfaggots Green, no longer extant.|
TL507065: Site of conglomerate in brook, later destroyed for fear it would grow.
TL513083: Puddingstone built into church foundations. Another reported in field at TL511083.
|Marks Tey||TL911238: Conglomerate reported at base of church tower.|
|Middleton||TL870396: Two sarsens in churchyard.|
|Newport||TL519349: The Leper Stone, allegedly used to deposit coins during a plague.|
|North Stifford||TQ604803: Puddingstone under corner of church.|
|North Weald Bassett||TL495052: Glacial erratic at church.|
|Pleshey||TL647143: Boulder at junction noted as boundary marker.|
|Saffron Walden||TL530389: The Hangman's Stone, featured in the legendary death of a sheep stealer.|
|South Weald||TQ572938: Puddingstone known as a 'breeding stone'.|
|Stock||TQ663986: Puddingstone at base of wall outside Buttsbury church.|
|Takeley||TL561212: Massive sarsen originally dug up from a significant site at Stansted Airport.|
|Thundersley||TQ782886: Devil's Stone/Bird Stone (with folklore) by church porch; another stone 50 yards away at roadside.|
|Tilty||TL595265: Rounded puddingstone and a sarsen in churchyard.|
|Twinstead||TL861366: Sarsen stone just outside corner of churchyard.|
|West Horndon||TQ635895: Sarsen and puddingstone by old East Horndon church porch.|
|Wicken Bonhunt||TL511334: Puddingstone & sarsen built into church fabric.|
|Wickham St. Paul||TL816367: Stone at Seven Sisters threeways. Other sarsens noted at the church & near the Hall.|
|Wormingford||TL932322: Sarsen beneath church buttress.|
1. F.W.Harmer: 'The Glacial Geology of Norfolk & Suffolk' (Jarrold & Sons, 1910), p.4.
2. Norfolk Record Office, Gt. Yarmouth Borough Archives 1208-2002.
4. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Trail-Further Discoveries' in 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.516.
5. Information from the late Ben Ripper of Swaffham.
6. 'Pudding-stones' in the 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.242.
7. E.A. & E.L.Rudge: 'The Conglomerate Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.29, 1952), p.24-5.
8. 'Report on the Excavations at Grime's Graves' in 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia' (1915), p.34.
9. E.A. & E.L.Rudge: 'The Conglomerate Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.29, 1952), p.31.
10. Information from John Williams in 'Spellthorn' No.1, in 'Lantern' No.23 (Autumn 1978).
11. E.A. & E.L. Rudge: 'Evidence for a Neolithic Trackway in Essex' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.28, 1950), p.179.
12. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Trail-Further Discoveries' in 'East Anglian Magazine' (1952), p.513-5.
14. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.30, 1957-61), p.53.
15. Jean Hynes: 'The Pudding Stone Trail' in the 'East Anglian Magazine' (Vol.26, 1966-7), p.367.
16. 'Boxford Past, Present & Future' (The Boxford Society, no date.)
17. E.A.Rudge: 'The Puddingstone Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.30, 1957-61), p.54.
18. E.A. & E.L.Rudge: 'The Conglomerate Track' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.29, 1952), p.30.
19. Information from Peter Coupland in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
21. Jeremy Taylor: 'Seven Wonders' (self-published, 2008), p.21.
22. Information from Jill Bruce in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
24. Information from Nigel Dernley in 'Spellthorn' No.2 in 'Lantern' No.24 (Winter 1978).
27. H. Munro Cautley: 'Suffolk Churches & Their Treasures' (Batsford, 1937).
31. E.A. & E.L. Rudge: 'Evidence for a Neolithic Trackway in Essex' in 'The Essex Naturalist' (Vol.28, 1950), p.176.
32. Allan Jobson: 'Suffolk Villages' (Robert Hale, 1971), p.89.
34. W.A.Dutt: 'The Ancient Mark-Stones of East Anglia' (Flood & Son, 1926), p.13.
36. Information from Nigel Dernley in 'SpellThorn' No.3 in 'Lantern' No.25 (Spring 1979).
37. Letter in the 'Eastern Daily Press', July 11th 1974.
38. Information from Joan Snelling of Ludham.
39. R.C.Dunt: 'Local Markstones, Roads & Trackways' in the 'Journal of the Antiquarian Association' (Vol.1, 1931), p.168.
42. Claude Morley in 'Transactions of the Suffolk Natural history Society' (Vol. 6, 1946-8), p. 223.
43. Letter from Miss S. Edwards in the 'East Anglia Magazine' (Feb.1962), p.235.
44. S.E.Dixon: 'Some Earthworks & Standing Stones in East Anglia', in 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society of East Anglia'
(1914-18, Vol.2), p.171-3.
45. P. M. Warner: 'Blything Hundred' (University of Leicester PhD thesis, 1982), p.5, 44.
46. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.161.
47. C.H.Lewton-Brain: ‘The Icknield Way’ in ‘Norfolk Archaeology’ (Vol.34, 1966-9), p.412.
48. Suffolk Federation of Women's Institutes: 'The Suffolk Village Book' (Countryside Books, 1991), p.169.
49. Suffolk Federation of Women's Institutes: 'The Suffolk Village Book' (Countryside Books, 1991), p.208.
52. Nigel Pennick: ‘Puddingstones at Coton’ in ‘Lantern’ No.12, Winter 1975-6, p.2.
55. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.124.
57. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.10.
58. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.11.
59. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.13.
60. 'Geological Survey of Great Britain' (HMSO, 1893), p.9.
62. Clement Reid: 'The Geology of the Country around Cromer' (Geological Survey, 1882), p.109.
63. Clement Reid: 'The Geology of the Country around Cromer' (Geological Survey, 1882), p.110.
64. Hallam Ashley Collection, HXA01, English Heritage National Monuments Record.
65. Whitaker, Skertchly & Jukes-Browne: 'The Geology of South-Western Norfolk & Northern Cambridgeshire' (Geological Survey, 1893), p.63.
67. 'Report of the 73rd Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science', (John Murray, 1904), p.236.
68. Prof. T. Rupert Jones: 'History of the Sarsens' in 'Geological Magazine' (Decade IV), Vol.8, Issue 2 (Feb.1901), p.57.
69. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.42.
70. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.50.
71. Shirley Toulson: ‘East Anglia: walking the ley lines & ancient tracks’ (Wildwood House Ltd, 1979), p.96.
72. Cambs Photograph Collection, Ref.X119/60, Cambridgeshire Archives.
73. Clive Paine (ed): 'Hartest: A Village History' (Hartest Local History Group, 1984), p.137.
74. Alan Crosby: 'A History of Thetford' (Phillimore, 1986), plate 27.
75. Letter, Dr. E. Rudge to Mrs E. Pilcher, 28/9/50.
76. E.A. Rudge: 'The Lost Trackway: from Grime's Graves to Stonehenge' (ed. John Cooper), 1994, p.22.
77. E.A. Rudge 'Further Observations on the Conglomerate Track' in 'Essex Naturalist' Vol.29, 1952-6, p.257.
78. A.E. Salter: 'Pebbly Gravel from Goring Gap to the Norfolk Coast', in 'Proceedings of the Geologists Association' Vol.14, Issue 9 (1896), p.399.